We have always lived on a finite world, and you're incorrect about living in general misery before capitalism.
Plenty of people were happy with less material goods and even with higher death rates. Thankfully there's even an example off the top of my head: the Piraha tribe, that persists into the modern day.
Here's a handy transcript of part of the podcast that might interest you:
Stephen Dubner (host): “Dan Everett is a college professor. A linguist. Off and on for the past thirty years he’s lived with a tribe in the Amazon called the Pirahã.”
Dan Everett: “I originally went to the Pirahã as a missionary to translate the Bible into their language. But over the course of many years they wound up converting me and I became a scientist instead, and I studied their culture and its effects on their language.”
Host: “The Pirahã live in huts, sleep on the ground, hunt with bows and arrows. But what really caught Everett’s attention is that they are relentlessly happy. Really happy.”
Dan Everett: “This happiness and this contentment is really what had a lot to do with me abandoning my religious goals and my religion altogether, because they seemed to have it a lot more together than most religious people I knew.”
Host: “But this isn’t just another story about some faraway tribe that’s really happy even though they don’t have all the stuff that we have. It’s a story about something that happened during Everett’s early days with the tribe. He and his wife and his three young kids had just finished dinner. Everett gathered about thirty Pirahã in his hut to preach to them.”
Dan Everett: “I was still a very fervent Christian missionary and I wanted to tell them how God had changed my life. So I told them a story about my stepmother and how she had committed suicide because she was so depressed and so lost. For the word ‘depressed’ I used the word sad, so she was very sad, she was crying, she felt lost and she shot herself in the head and she died. And this had a large spiritual impact on me, and I later became a missionary and came to the Pirahã because of all this experience triggered by her suicide. And I told this story as tenderly as I could and tried to communicate that it had a huge impact on me, and when I was finished, everyone burst out laughing….When I asked them, ‘why are you laughing?’ they said, ‘She killed herself! That’s really funny to us! We don’t kill ourselves. You mean you people, you white people, shoot yourselves in the head? We shoot animals, we kill animals, we don’t kill ourselves.’ They just found it absolutely inexplicable and without precedent in their own experience that someone would kill themselves.”
Host: “In the thirty years that Everett has been studying the Pirahã, there have been zero suicides. Now, it’s not that suicide doesn’t happen in the Amazon. For other tribes, it’s a problem.”
Dan Everett: “And as I’ve told this story, some people have suggested that well, it’s because they don’t have the stresses of modern life. But that’s just not true. There’s almost 100 percent endemic malaria among the people. They’re sick a lot. Their children die at probably 75 percent; 75 percent of the children die before they reach the age of five or six. These are astounding pressures.”
Host:: "A group of people that laughs at suicide? That doesn’t sound much like the U.S. does it?”
Funny how even the host remarks "But this isn’t just another story about some faraway tribe that’s really happy even though they don’t have all the stuff that we have."
"Daniel Everett states that one of the strongest Pirahã values is no coercion; you simply don't tell other people what to do. There appears to be no social hierarchy; the Pirahã have no formal leaders. Their social system can thus be labeled as primitive communism, in common with many other hunter-gatherer bands in the world, although rare in the Amazon because of a history of agriculture before Western contact (see history of the Amazon)."
Plenty more examples of other hunter-gatherer bands in the world, but that's the most detailed one I can think of at the moment. As you can see from their description, the Piraha social system is hardly unique among hunter-gatherer tribes.
Also before any rabid anti/pro communists comment they had primitive communism, not the modern mess that is best described as "industrial communism".
EDIT: yes there are also other examples of happy tribes, I just can't be bothered going into them as this post is long enough. Still, here's more info from a guy who visited multiple African tribes over seven years:
While suicide is a problem in some tribes the point of the above information and examples was to show that the claim of living in "general misery" was false.
Wrong again. Humans like most organisms consume more and more natural resources (ie the "world's pie" since you like thinking in pies so much) as their population grows. Up to a certain point there is no need to "figure out" how to grow the pie, the "pie" for humans (the sum resources being consumed by the species) obviously grows as the population grows. Unlike most organisms humans then eventually used agriculture and then fossil fuels to consume yet more resources from the rest of the world, outputting increasingly toxic by-products (eg waste metals, arsenic, pesticide run-off, plastics, etc).
Also to maintain economies of scale requires consuming vast amounts of resources and only those that can afford the end product/service benefit from the scale. A person taking more resources doesn't leave more for others, that doesn't make any sense. That merely forces others to make do with whatever resources they can divert their way.
The pie didn't magically grow from nothing thanks to capitalism, humans just figured out how to consume more and more resources in ever more sophisticated ways from the "pie" of resources available on this world. Kind of like a cancerous growth really. Such a pity that civilization can't grow forever on a finite world.
Homo sapiens have been around for roughly 250k-300k years, so you might want to look a bit further
Also it is amusing to see you yourself advocating more of the same (ie handing over more power to private enterprise which really just means handing over even more power to big business). The reality that hopefully even you are aware of is that multinationals and (in most countries) privately owned central banks already have the lion's share of influence in modern human society.
"But wait, they're using the governments to 'corrupt' the precious markets!" you might say. Here's a newsflash for you: the "pure" capitalist system that you love so much doesn't exist in complete isolation, and it never has.
Are they even hoping to actually reach anyone with their ideology?
Come to think of it the only reason I'm posting at this point is sheer bloody-mindedness.
Posting like this also reminds me why I stopped posting walls before: it is very easy to make ridiculously stupid claims (eg "how we lived, in general misery, for hundreds of thousands of years. Then we invented capitalism,") but it takes much more effort to provide explanations, facts and examples showing that such claims are full of shit.
I wonder how many people even bother reading beyond the first line. Bloody-mindedness aside maybe I should just post one or two-liners like most others here.